Dating taiwan coins before 1911
The monetary system of the Qing dynasty 清 (1644-1911) was a bimetallic one, consisting of two types of money used in two separate markets, namely silver ingots (yinliang 銀兩, yinding 銀錠) for the wholesale market and larger transactions and copper cash (tongqian 銅錢) for the retail market and small transactions.
The denomination of copper cash was one wen 文 (one "cash"), that of the silver ingots was basically one liang 兩 (by Westerners known as one tael, from a Malay word), but there were also fractions of this value, as well as multiple ones.
This coin depicts the Chinese Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek.
Chiang Kai-shek was born in the town of Xikou in Fenghua county, Zhejiang Province, China, on October 31, 1887.
Only the island of Taiwan remained under the control of the ROC.
Since then, both the ROC and the PRC have been claiming to represent all of "China", and both officially claim each other's territory.
This style persisted until about the 13th century, when silver and then brass coins were minted and circulated.
These coins track the tumultuous history of the populous nation—from the end of the Qing Dynasty in 1911 to the Republic led by Sun Yat-sen that followed it to Mao Zedong’s declaration of a People’s Republic of China in 1949.
Of the late Empire-era coins, look for copper or brass Hu Poo coins with a dragon that’s enclosed within a circle on the obverse.
The primitive production process made forgery an easy business, and there were many illegal coins (siqian 私錢, sizhuqian 私鑄錢) circulating in China.
They were, nevertheless, accepted by the markets because the qualitative difference between legal and illegal coins was often not that great, and because the markets just needed more money than the government was able to produce. All coin rubbings from Ma Feihai 馬飛海, Wang Yuxuan 王裕巽, Zou Zhiliang 鄒誌諒 (ed. 6, Qingdai bi 清代幣 (Shanghai: Shanghai shiji chuban jituan/Shanghai jiaoyu chubanshe), here nos. The Manchus began producing Chinese-style coins just after Nurhaci's proclamation to khan in 1616.